Sunday, October 12, 2008

Zhenhai Tower

The Zhenhai Tower is a five-story tower in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It was built in 1380, at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, by the Yongjia Marquis Zhu Liangzu . It is located in Yuexiu Gongyuan Park, in downtown Guangzhou.

In 1950, its name was changed to the Guangzhou Museum.

Yuexiushan Stadium

Yuexiushan Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Guangzhou, China. It is currently used mostly for matches and events. It serves as the home stadium for Guangzhou Pharmaceutical of the Chinese Super League. The stadium has a capacity of 35,000 people.

Sacred Heart Cathedral of Guangzhou

The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus also known as Sacred Heart Cathedral is a Roman Catholic Cathedral in Guangzhou, South China. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Guangzhou.

The cathedral is located at 56 Yide Lu , Guangzhou. Being on the north bank of the Pearl River, the cathedral stands at the heart of the busy old district.


The site of the cathedral was originally the residence of the in the Qing Dynasty. During the Second Opium War, the residence was completely destroyed and the viceroy Ye Mingchen was captured by the . Several years later, the obtained the site under the terms of an edict issued by Emperor Daoguang in February,1846 which promised compensation for churches destroyed and properties taken from the mission. With financial support from and Catholics in France, Bishop Philippe Fran?ois Zéphirin Guillemin, M.E.P. , the first vicar apostolic of Guangdong, was in charge of the project. He invited two architects, Vonutrin and Humbert, to design the cathedral and the Neo-Gothic design was approved in 1863. Guillemin himself didn't see the completion of the cathedral. He died in 1886 in Paris at the age of 72. The project was then under supervison of his successor, Bishop Augustin Chausse, M.E.P. .

The cornerstones were laid on June 28 1863. The words "Jerusalem 1863" were engraved on the east cornerstone and the words "Roma 1863" on the west cornerstone, stating that the Roman Catholic Church had its origin in Jerusalem in the east and evovled in Rome in the west. From each city, one kilogram of soil was taken to be laid under the two cornerstones.

The construction of the cathedral met a lot of difficulties, many of which arose from the all-granite structure of the cathedral. All the granite stones were transported to the site from Kowloon, Hong Kong by sailing ships. The lack of experience of Chinese workers of building western cathedral presented great challenges of constructing a cathedral of this size by hands in the Far East. The progress was slow in the first few years and later, the employed a worker named Cai Xiao from Wuhua County as . Cai Xiao had many years of experience in building houses in his hometown, which enabled him to adopt a lot of unique and creative methods. He had never left the site since being employed and the construction of the cathedral took most of his youth but was finished in his lifetime.

Tensions between the missionaries and the local people often existed. The construction of the cathedral and its affiliated school and hospital required the teardown of many houses and relocation of people, and when almost all houses in Guangzhou are not more than 2 storeys high in the 19th century, the high-rise cathedral and its pointed twin spires created an unusual scene in the city. Local people feared the cathedral would influence the city's Feng shui, and consequently bring disaster. This resulted in more conflicts between the two sides.

The cathedral was finally inaugurated in 1888 after 25 years of construction.


Covering an area of 2,754 square metres, it is the largest Roman Catholic church in the and the largest cathedral in China and Southeast Asia. The cathedral is 35 metres wide, 78.69 metres long, and the twin towers rise as high as 58.5 metres. The west tower is a clock tower while the east tower serves as a bell tower, inside which there are five gigantic copper bells shipped in from France in the 19th century.

The cathedral's structure consists mainly of granite blocks. It is one of the four all-granite gothic cathedrals in the world, while the other three ones include the Notre Dame de Paris in France. For this reason, it is nicknamed "Stone House" by local people. "石室" is pronounced "Shishi" in and "Seksat" in , hence the name "Shishi Cathedral" in or "Seksat Cathedral" in .


Since its completion in 1888, the cathedral has undergone three big renovations. The first one was in 1920s, when then Archbishop Antoine-Pierre-Jean Fourquet replaced the timber roof, beams and staircases with concrete ones. The government spent RMB 150,000 for a second restoration in 1984 and 1986. The latest restoration was initiated in 2004 and finished in the autumn of 2006. The church spent RMB 3 million for the 19.64 million restoration project while the rest was covered by the government. The aim of the restoration project was to solve the problem of leakage by rebuilding the whole roof and all the beams. New stained glass imported from Philippines was used to replace the broken 19th century one. New lighting, audio and surveillance systems as well as a large mechanical clock on the west tower were also installed.

Mass schedule

Monday to Friday - 6:30a.m., 7:00a.m.

Saturday - 7:30p.m.

Sunday - 6:30a.m., 8:30a.m. , 10:30a.m. , 3:30p.m.

Nanjing Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium

The Nanjing Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium is an indoor arena in Nanjing, China. The arena used mainly for indoor sports such as basketball and figure skating. The facility has a capacity of 13,000 people and was opened in 2005. It is located near Nanjing Olympic Sports Center.

List of tallest buildings in Guangzhou

This list of tallest buildings in Guangzhou lists skyscrapers in Guangzhou, China by height. The tallest building in Guangzhou is currently CITIC Plaza, which stands 391 m tall.

Tallest buildings

This lists ranks Guangzhou skyscrapers that stand at least 150 m tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. Existing structures are included for ranking purposes based on present height. The Chinese name of each building is given in Traditional Chinese.

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed

Under construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in Guangzhou and are planned to rise at least 150 m . Buildings that have already been topped out are also included.

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding building heights, floor counts, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.


This lists buildings that are approved for construction in Guangzhou and are planned to rise at least 150 m .


This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in Guangzhou and are planned to rise at least 150 m .

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding building heights, floor counts, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Huaisheng Mosque

The Huaisheng Mosque in Guangzhou, also known as the Lighthouse Mosque, is, at over 1,300 years old, one of the oldest mosques in the world. It was named in memory of Prophet Muhammad. Its calling tower is 36 feet tall with a pointed tip. The building used to serve as a beacon for boats, which is how it got its alternative name. It has many other variant names like Great Mosque of Canton,Guangta Si Mosque, Hwai Sun Su Mosque, Huai-Sheng Mosque, Ying Tong Mosque, Huai-Shang Mosque, and Huai-Shang Si Mosque.


According to old manuscripts the mosque was built by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas who was an uncle of Prophet Muhammad. He was on his first Muslim mission to China in the 630s. It is certain that the mosque existed during the Tang Dynasty, or in the early years of the Song Dynasty. The mosque was rebuilt in 1350 then in again in 1695 after being destroyed in a fire. The Huaisheng Light Tower or minaret was built at an earlier period.

Guangzhou TV Tower

Guangzhou Tower is a 217 metres tall lattice telecommunication tower in the southern city of Guangzhou with an observation deck. It was erected in 1991.

A new Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower of 610 meters is being built in Guangzhou. Completion is expected in 2009.